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Advanced Vocabulary

       Advanced Taekwondo Korean Vocabulary

Numbers

Numbers

Sut Ja

숫자

One

Hana

하나

Two

Tool

Three

Set

Four

Net

Five

Ta Sut

다섯

Six

Yu Sut

여섯

Seven

Il Gop

일곱

Eight

Yu Dul

여덟

Nine

A Hop

아홉

Ten

Yul

First

Il

Second

I

Third

Sam

Fourth

Sa

Fifth

O

Sixth

Yuk

Seventh

Ch’il

Eighth

P’al

Ninth

Koo

Tenth

Sip



Titles

Title

Ch'ing Ho

칭호

Master (above 5th Dan B.B.)

Kwan Jang Nim

관장님

Chief Instructor

Chang Sa Nim

장사님

Instructor, Teacher

Sa Bum Nim

사범님

Teacher, Black Belt Instructor

Kyo Sa Nim

교사님

Assistant Instructor

Poo Sa Bum

부사범

Senior Student

Sun Bae

선배

Student

Hak Saeng, Koo Ga

학생,구가

Parent or Master

Sa Boo Nim

사부님

Grandparent

Cho Boo Mo Nim

조부모님


 

Salutations

Salutation

In Sa

인사

Good Morning/Afternoon/Eve

An Nyung Ha Sip Ni Gga

안녕하십니까,안녕하세요

Thank You

Kam Sa Hap Ni Da

감사합니다

You're Welcome

Ch'un Man E Yo

천만에요

Good Luck

Haeng Oon Eul Bil Gett U Yo

행운을빌겠어요

Congratulations

Ch'ook Ha

축하


 

Commands

Attention

Ch'a Ryut

차렷

Bow

Kyung Rye

경례

Ready Stance

Choon Bi

준비

Begin

Si Jak

시작

Attack

Kong Gyuk

공격

Stop

Keu Man

그만

Separate (Break)

Kal Ryu

갈려

At Ease

Sui U

쉬어

Continue

Kye Sok

계속

Turn Around

Tui Ro Dol A

뒤로돌아

Right and Left Face

Chwa Oo Hyang Oo

좌우향우

Pre-Warning

Choo Eui

주의

Warning

Kyung Go

경고

Deduction of Point

Kam Jum

감점

Bow to Flag

Kook Gi E Dae Ha Yu Gyung Rye

국기에대하여경례

Sit for Meditation

Anj Uh Mook Nyum

앉어묵념

Bow to Instructor

Sa Bum Nim Gge Gyung Rye

사범님께경례

Switch Feet

Pal Ba Ggwu

발바꿔



General Terms

Yes

Ne

No

A Ni Yo

아니요

Meditation

Mook Nyum

묵념

Force/Power

Him

Energy/Essence

Ki

Yell with Concentration

Ki Hap

기합

Breaking

Kyuk P'a

격파

Brick

Pyuk Dol

벽돌

Board

P'an Ja

판자

Studio, School

Do Jang

도장

Flag

Kook Gi

국기

Uniform

Do Bok

도복

Belt

Hyuk Dae, Ddi

혁대,

Grade level before Black Belt

Keup (-geup)

Degree of Black Belt

Tan (-dan)

White Belt

Ha Yan Ddi, Hin Saek Ddi

하얀띠, 힌색띠

Yellow Belt

No Ran Ddi

노란띠

Orange Belt

Choo Hang Ddi

주항띠

Green Belt

Nok Saek Ddi

녹색띠

Purple Belt

Po Ra Ddi

보라띠

Blue Belt

P'a Ran Ddi

파란띠

Red Belt

Ppal Gan Ddi

빨간띠

Brown Belt

Noo Run Ddi

누런띠

Bodan Belt

Po Dan, Poom Ddi

보단, 품띠

Black Belt

Kum Jung Ddi

검정띠

Faith of Certain Victory

P'il Seung

필승

Loyalty

Ch'oong Sung

충성

Discipline

Hoon Ryun

훈련

Determination

Kyul Sim

결심

Responsibility

Eui Moo

의무

Modesty

Kyum Son

겸손

Patience

In Nae

인내

Respect

Chon Gyung

존경

Confidence

Sin Nyum

신념

Concentration

Chip Joong

집중

Meditation

Mook Nyum

묵념

Peace

P'yung Hwa

평화

Faith

Sin Ang

신앙

Obedience

Soon Jong

순종

Tenets of Tae Kwon Do

Tae Kwun Do Ji Ch'im

태권도지침

Courtesy

Ye Jul

예절

Integrity

Chung Eui

정의

Perseverance

Ch'am Eul Sung

참을성

Self-control

Cha Je

자제

Indomitable Spirit

Kool Ha Ji An Neun Gi Oon

굴하지않는기운


 

Forms

Form, Pattern

Poom Sae, Hyung

품새,

Kicho 1

Ki Ch'o Il Jang

기초장

Kicho 2

Ki Ch'o I Jang

기초장

Taegeuk 1 (Heaven, Yang)

Tae Geuk Il Jang (Keon)

태극장

Taegeuk 2 (Firmness/Softness)

Tae Geuk I Jang (Tae)

태극장

Taegeuk 3 (Hot and Bright)

Tae Geuk Sam Jang (Yi)

태극장

Taegeuk 4 (Thunder)

Tae Geuk Sa Jang (Jin)

태극장

Taegeuk 5 (Wind)

Tae Geuk O Jang (Son)

태극장

Taegeuk 6 (Water)

Tae Geuk Yuk Jang (Kam)

태극장

Taegeuk 7 (Mountain)

Tae Geuk Ch'il Jang (Kan)

태극장

Taegeuk 8 (Earth, Yin)

Tae Geuk P'al Jang (Kon)

태극장

Koryo

Ko Ryu

고려

Keumgang

Keum Gang

금강

Taebaek

Tae Baek

태백

Pyongwon

P'yung Wun

평원

Sipjin

Sip Jin

십진

Jitae

Ch'i Tae

지태

Chonkwon

Ch'un Kwun

천권

Hansu

Han Soo

한수

Ilyo

Il Yu

일여

 

Sparring

Sparring

Kyu Roo Gi

겨루기

Jury

Pae Sim

배심

Referee

Choo Sim

주심

Judge

Poo Sim

부심

Timer

Kye Sim

계심

Recorder

Ki Rok

기록

Protective Cup

Nang Sim Ho Goo

낭심호구

Chest Protector

Ka Seum Ho Goo

가슴호구

1st Round

Il Hwi Jun

일회전

2nd Round

I Hwi Jun

이회전

3rd Round

Sam Hwi Jun

삼회전

Blue

Ch'ung

Red

Hong

Free Sparring

Cha Yoo Dae Ryun

자유대련

One Step Sparring

Il Bo Dae Ryun

일보대련

Two Step Sparring

I Bo Dae Ryun

이보대련

Three Step Sparring

Sam Bo Dae Ryun

삼보대련


 

Body Parts

Body

Mom

Head

Mu Ri

머리

Face

Ul Gool

얼굴

Eye

Noon

Nose

K’o

Jaw

T’uk

Ear

Kwi

Neck

Mok

Throat

Mok Goo Mung

목구멍

Forehead

I Ma

이마

Shoulder

U Ggae

어깨

Arm

P’al

Elbow

P’al Goop

팔굽

Forearm

P’al Mok

팔목

Hand

Son

Wrist

Son Mok

손목

Chest

Ka Seum

가슴

Back

Teung

Hip

Ung Dung I

엉덩

Leg

Ta Ri

다리

Groin

Nang Sim

낭심

Thigh

Nup Juk Da Ri

넓적다리

Knee

Moo Reup

무릎

Shin

Chung Gang I

정강이

Foot

Pal

Ankle

Pal Mok

발목



Striking Surfaces

Thumb

Um Ji Son Ga Rak

엄지손가락

Forefinger

Chip Ge Son Ga Rak

집게손가락

Middle Finger

Ka Oon De Son Ga Rak

가운데손가락

Ring Finger

Moo Mung Ji

무명지

Little Finger

Chae Ggi Son Ga Rak

새끼손가락

Finger Tips

Son Ggeut

손끝

Blade of Hand

Son Nal

손날

Blade of Hand (thumb side)

Son Nal Deung

손날등

Palm Heel

Pa T'ang Son

바탕손

Knuckles (first row)

Ch'ut Ma Di

첫마디

Knuckles (second row)

Tool Jjae Ma Di

둘째마디

Knuckles (last before tips)

Set Jjae Ma Di

셋째마디

Arch of the Hand

A Gwi Son

아귀손

Back of the Hand

Son Deung

손등

Wrist or Carpus

Son Mok

손목

Inner Forearm

An P'al Mok

안팔목

Outer Forearm

Pa Ggal P'al Mok

바깔팔목

Back (Top) of Forearm

Teung P'al Mok

등팔목

Front (Bottom) of Forearm

Mil P'al Mok

밀팔목

Elbow

P'al Goop

팔굽

Ball of Foot

Ap Jook

앞죽

Heel Bottom

Tui Jook

뒤죽

Blade of Foot

Pal Nal

발날

Arch of Foot

Pal Nal Deung

발날등

Toe Tips

Pal Ggeut

발끝

Sole

Pal Ba Dak

발바닥

Instep

Pal Deung

발등

Back of Heel

Twi Ggum Ch'I

뒤꿈치

Knee

Moo Reup

무릎

Hollow of the Knee

O Keum

오금

Shin

Chung Gang I

정강이

Calf

Chang Dan Ji

장단지


 

Stances

Stance

Su Gi

서기

Sitting Stance

An Neun Su Gi

앉는서기

Walking Stance

Kut Neun Su Gi

걷는서기

L-Stance

Ni Eun Su Gi

니은서기

Bending Stance

Koo Boo Ryu Su Gi

구부려서기

Parallel Stance

Na Ran Hi Su Gi

나란히서기

Fixed Stance

Ko Jang Su Gi

고장서기

Low Stance

Nat Ch'wu Su Gi

낮춰서기

Forward Stance

Ap Koop I Su Gi, Ap Su Gi

앞굽이서기,앞서기

Back Stance

Tuit Koop I Su Gi, Tuit Su Gi

뒷굽이서기,뒷서기

Riding Stance

Choo Ch'oom Su Gi

주춤서기

Tiger/Cat Stance

Pum Su Gi

범서기

Open Stance

Nul Hyu Su Gi

넓혀서기

Basic Ready Stance

Ki Bon Joon Bi Su Gi

기본준비서기

Sparring Stance

Kyu Roo Gi Su Gi

겨루기서기

Closed Stance

Mo A Su Gi

모아서기

Cross Stance

Kyo Ch'a Su Gi, Kko A Su Gi

교차서기,꼬아서기

Crane Stance

Hak Da Ri Su Gi

학다리서기



Blocks

Block

Mak Gi

막기

High (Face) Block

Ul Gool, Sang Dan Mak Gi

얼굴,상단막기

Middle Block

Mom T'ong, Choong Dan Mak Gi

몸통,중단막기

Low Block

A Rae, Ha Dan Mak Gi

아래,하단막기

Inside Out Block

Pa Ggat Mak Gi

바깥막기

Outside In Block

An Mak Gi

안막기

Cross Block

Ssang Soo Mak Gi

쌍수막기

Side Block

Yup Mak Gi

옆막기

Circular Block

Tol Ryu Mak Gi

돌려막기

Knife Hand Block

Son Nal Mak Gi

손날막기

Palm Heel Block

Pa T'ang Son Mak Gi

바탕손막기

Hammer Fist Block

Mae Joo Muk Mak Gi

매주먹막기

Ridge Hand Block

Son Deung Mak Gi

손등막기

Chicken/Inflected Wrist Block

Koop Hin Son Mok Mak Gi

굽힌손목막기

Double Knife Hand Block

Too Son Nal Mak Gi

두손날막기

2 Forearm Spreading Block

Hae Ch'yu Mak Gi

해쳐막기

2 Knife Hand Spreading Block

Son Nal Hae Ch'yu Mak Gi

손날해쳐막기

Double Fist X-Block

Ut Gul Ru Mak Gi

엇걸러막기

Double Knife Hand X-Block

Son Nal Ut Gul Ru Mak Gi

손날엇걸러막기

Scissor Block

Ka Wi Mak Gi

가위막기

Mountain Block

San T'eul Mak Gi

산틀막기

 

Punching

Punch

Chi Reu Gi

지르기

High Punch, Face Punch

Ul Gul, Sang Dan Ji Reu Gi

얼글,상단지르기

Middle Punch

Mom T'ong, Choong Dan Ji Reu Gi

몸통,중단지르기

Low Punch

A Rae, Ha Dan Ji Reu Gi

아래,하단지르기

Double Middle Punch

Choong Dan Doo Bun Ji Reu Gi

중단두번지르기

Triple Middle Punch

Choong Dan Se Bun Ji Reu Gi

중단세번지르기

Walking Punch (Jab)

Pun Dae Ji Reu Gi

번대지르기

Reverse Punch (Cross)

Pa Ro Ji Reu Gi

바로지르기

Side Punch

Yup Ji Reu Gi

옆지르기

Strangle Punch

K'al Jae Bi Ji Reu Gi

칼재비지르기

Round Punch, Spiral Punch

Tol Ryu Ji Reu Gi

돌려지르기

Downward Punch

Nae Ryu Ji Reu Gi

내려지르기

Vertical Fist Punch

Se Wu Ji Reu Gi

세워지르기

Reversed Fist Punch

Se Ch'yu Ji Reu Gi

제쳐지르기

Uppercut Punch

Ch'i Ji Reu Gi

치지르기

 

Striking

Strike

Ch'i Gi

치기

Back Fist Strike

I Gwon, Teung Joo Muk Ch'i Gi

이권,등주먹치기

Palm Heel Strike

Chang Gwon, Pa T'ang Son Ch'i Gi

장권,바탕손치기

Bear Hand Strike

Kom Son Ch'i Gi

곰손치기

Hammer Fist Strike

Kan Kwon, Me Joo Muk Ch'i Gi

각권,메주먹치기

Knife Hand Strike

Soo Do, Son Nal Ch'i Gi

수도,손날치기

Reverse Knife Hand

Yup Soo Do

옆수도

Ridge Hand Strike

Son Nal Deung Ch'i Gi

손날등치기

Back Hand Strike

Son Deung Ch'i Gi

손등치기

Arch Hand Strike

A Gwi Son Ch'i Gi

아귀손치기

Upward Elbow Strike

P'al Goop Ol Ryu Ch'i Gi

팔굽올려치기

Downward Elbow Strike

P'al Goop Dol Ryu Ch'i Gi

팔굽돌려치기

Turning (Cross) Elbow

P'al Goop Nae Ryu Ch'i Gi

팔굽내려치기

Backward Elbow

P'al Goop Dwi Lo Ch'i Gi

팔굽뒤로치기

Side Elbow

P'al Goop Yup Ch'i Gi

팔굽옆치기

Knee Strike (Upward)

Moo Reup Ch'i Gi

무릎치기

Turning Knee Strike

Tol Ryu Moo Reup Ch'i Gi

돌려무릎치기

 

Thrusting

Thrust/Poke

Jji Reu Gi

찌르기

Spear Hand

P'yun Son Ggeut, Kwan Soo

편손끝,관수

Spear Hand (Palm to Side)

P'yun Son Ggeut Se Wu

편손끝세워

Spear Hand (Palm Down)

P'yun Son Ggeut Up P'u

편손끝엎퍼

Spear Hand (Palm Up)

P'yun Son Ggeut Je Ch'yu

편손끝제쳐

One Finger Strike

Han Son Ggeut Jji Reu Gi

한손끝찌르기

Two Finger Strike (Together)

Mo Eun Doo Son Ggeut Jji Reu Gi

모은두손끝찌르기

Two Finger Strike (Separate)

Ka Wi Son Jji Reu Gi

가위손찌르기

Three Finger Strike

Mo Eun Je Son Ggeut Jji Reu Gi

모은제손끝찌르기

 

Kicking

Kick

Ch'a Gi

차기

Front Kick

Ap Ch'a Gi

앞차기

Side Kick

Yup Ch'a Gi

옆차기

Round House Kick

Tol Ryu Ch'a Gi

돌려차기

Back Kick

Tuit Ch'a Gi

뒷차기

Hook Kick

Nakk A Ch'a Gi

낚어차기

Wheel Kick, Thrashing Kick

Hoo Ryu Ch'a Gi

후려차기

Ax Kick, Pick Down Kick

Nae Ryu Ch'a Gi

내려차기

Crescent Kick

Pal Dal Ch'a Gi, P'yo Juk Ch'a Gi

반달차기,표적차기

Inside Out Crescent Kick

Pal Dal Ba Ggat Ch'a Gi

반달바깥차기

Outside In Crescent Kick

Pal Dal An Ch'a Gi

반달안차기

Turning Side Kick

Twi Dol Ryu Yup Ch'a Gi

뒤돌려옆차기

Hopping Side Kick

I Dan Yup Ch'a Gi

이단옆차기

Thrusting Kick

Ch'a Ji Reu Gi

차지르기

Stretch (Push) Kick

Ch'a Ol Ri Gi

차올리기

Continue (Follow-up) Kick

Kye Sok Hae Su Ch'a Gi

계속해서차기

Crossing Kick

Pan Dal Ch'a Gi

반달차기

Jump Kick

Ttui U Ch'a Gi

뛰어차기;

Double Kick

Mo Doom Bal Ch'a Gi

모둠발차기

Tornado Kick

Hwi O Ri Ch'a Gi

회오리차기

Scissor Kick

Ka Wi Ch'a Gi

가위차기

 

Note: The above fifteen (15) tables will help you as you advance in your studies of the martial art of Taekwondo. In addition you can find two (2) tables of Korean vocabulary which are just the basic words
needed for beginning students of Taekwondo at this page:
Basic Taekwondo Korean Vocabulary.